Excellent articles around a variey of distributed learning issues abound in
books, journals, and white papers throughout the field. Below is an annotated
bibliography of online articles that may assist teachers in their preparation
of materials and activities for teaching with technology. Currently the list
is divided into ?? categories. Select the button to go directly to the category
that fits your needs. In the future we will provide some keyword search capability
for these articles.
Category: Why Choose Online
the Seven Principles: Technology as Lever (Please note that if you would
like to pursue the link in the above article that refers to the Flashlight Project,
you must use this
link, as the one given in the article is outdated. This link is optional
in Cyberspace - This is an online chapter from a series of chapters offered
through Teleducation in New Brunswick. The presentation is interesting,
animated, and provides a number of examples and resources.
E-stablishing a Learning
Society: the Use of the Internet to Attract Adults to Lifelong Learning in Wales
by Neil Selwyn, Sara Williams and Stephen Gorard. This paper concentrates on
the efforts being made in Wales to use the Internet as a gateway for learning
opportunities for adult learners. It focuses on access procedures to adult learning,
who is attracted to thsi type of learning, and for what types of activities
learners use the Internet. Finally, it reflects on the wider goals of extending
participation beyond those social groups already engaged in learning.
for America's Workforce. From the Commissionon Technology and Adult Learning,
this executive summary lays out a vision of America's e-learning future in the
workforce and makes specific recommendations for action
for Incorporating Web-based Technology into Teaching
lamps for old?: Developing a strategy for accommodating new technology within
an established DL MBA programme by Chris Pegler & Sally Rushworth,
Warwick Business School - Warwick looked at an electronic MBA program and discussed:
How can these programs adapt to the opportunities on offer? What degree of caution
need they show in trading in their old lamps for new? How can colleagues be
convinced of the need to change or adapt a winning formula? The article examines
the desirability and direction of changes in distance learning delivery within
established programs. It identifies barries to the adoption of instructional
Teachers in Web-Based Professoinal Development by Paul Rodes, Dennis Knapczyk,
Carrie Chapman and Haejin Chung. This feature article delves into the promise
of online learnings ability to reach non-traditional learners in the K-12 teaching
environment -- particularly continuing education students, teachers in rural
areas, and inservice personnel in need of professional development. It looks
at a collaborative teacher education program and discusses a number of techniques
for involving these teachers via distance technologies.
of Educational Media in Higher Education Large Classes
Walking the Talk is
Tough: From a Single Technology Course to Infusion
Bringing Affective Behavior to
Category: Preparing for
the Future of Teaching and Learning
Matching the Infoverse: About
Knowledge Networks, Knowledge Workers, and Knowledge Robots by Joachim Hasebrook
- A holistic architecture of knowledge robots (knowbots) is described based
on multi-agent platforms and distributed computational intelligence. Knowbots
consist of a self-learning artificial brain, speech recognition and syntheis,
direct access to other software agents and computer programs, and direct connections
to networks of human users. The article focuses on the human inability to cope
with information growth and speed and suggests that these knowbots will help
us manage this exploding "infoverse."
the Future by Lee Shulman. From the Carnegie foundation for teaching and
learning, Shulman discusses the scholarship of teaching and learning and higher
education's need to commit to integrity of the discipline, the learning of students,
communitiy and institutional fidelity, and to ones own identity and sense of
self. He exhorts us to invent the future we might envision by concentrating
on serious investigation into teaching and learning and infusing it throughout
Surviving the Digital Revolution
by Philip Turner - What will be the actual impact of the digital revolution
on higher education? Are predictions of 50 percent or even 25 percent of institutions
closing in the next decade reasonable?. How does one assess the risk to one's
own institution? What role does technology play in this scenario?
The teaching and learning of adults
for Working with Adult Learners
in the Field of Adult Education, Eduard C. Lindeman
If I Teach
This Way Am I Doing My Job?
Instructional Design for Distance Education
Instructivism - An
essay supporting the instructivist approach "The Tyranny of Dogma"
Explorations in Learning
& Instruction: The Theory Into Practice Database
Principles for Online Instruction
Objectives by Lisa Schuman
Technology-Supported Learning Communities
Learning in an Online Environment by Elizabeth Stacey. This article relates
a research study regarding student collaborative learning in an MBA program.
The primary objective of the research was to observe and document the use of
computer-mediated group conferences (CMC) on the group interaction of the students
and to record their use and perceptions of the effects of CMC in their learning
Souls: Reflections on Web Life by Elizabeth Burge, Daniel Laroque and Cathy
Boak. This article provides a reflective analysis of an online professional
development event by asking practitioners to discuss how they negotiated the
conceptual framework, the tactivity design, and the roles nad presence of the
two facilitators. It is an interesting study in that it is rare that anyone
publishes discussions of faculty difficulties and expectations in their practice.
through the Network Wires: Does Distance Detract from Collaborative Authentic
Learning? by Alison Carr-Chellman, Dean Dyer, and Jeroen Breman. Many students
and faculty would automatically answer "yes" to this question. This study compares
a traditional residential instructional design course with another that was
offered as a modified distance education course using the same faculty member.
Student Interaction in the Virtual College Classroom by Jack Cummings. Icebreaker's
and other interactive assignments are illustrated in this paper on building
community in an online course via four specific assignments. The goal of the
first assignment was to establish an environment wherein students felt comfortable
presenting their perspectives and communicating with each other. Three additional
assignments were recursive by design, requiring students to submit pieces that
are subsequently processed by others.
Makes A Successful Online Facilitator? - Faculty delivering courses online
must be more than transmitters of knowledge; they must become facilitators of
learning. The University of Illinois present the basic criteria necessary for
an instructor to be successful as an online facilitator.
Art of Hosting Good Conversations Online - Tips from a master list-serve
for Using Chat as a Communication Tool - Well-managed and focused chats
can be useful online learning experiences, and add a dynamic dimension to an
online course. This paper describes pedagogical uses of chat, chat room management
techniques, and coping strategies for instructors and their students.
Roles and Implementation Guidelines for Online Communication Tools - It
is not so much the tool that improves teaching and learning but how the instructor
integrates the tool into the curriculum and into the educational setting. This
paper presents the different pedagogical roles for using forums and a set of
guidelines to help increase the possibility of achieving those pedagogical results
using the tool.
Playing Croquet with Flamingos
- A guide for moderators of web-based, synchronous or asynchronous, non-pedagogical
conferences. The guide was prepared for the Office of Learning Technologies,
Human Resources Department, Canada
and is archived here with permission.
Questions for Online Learning - This article, published by eModerators.com,
provides a variety of ideas for online questions and discussions.
of E-moderators - A study of electronic mailing list moderators, or emoderators,
and their perceptions about their roles, tasks, and responsibilities as list
moderators. The issues explored revolve around mailing list moderators' conceptions
of their roles, their rationale for moderating or not moderating their mailing
lists, where they learned their craft, and where moderating lists fits into
the context of their lives.
Tools for Distributed Learning
Web-based Tools such as chat, threaded discussions, authoring systems, and
course management systems
of Online Course Delivery Software
for Developing Interactive Academic Web Courses
Software on the Web
Evaluation framework for World Wide Web learning by Jan van der Veen, Wim
de Boer, and Maarten van de Ven. This is an excellent overvieew of a framework
for setting up a variety of evaluation tools. It indicates how the evaluation
can be set up using questionnaires and interviews among other methods.
SELECT A MINIMUM OF TWO OF THE FOLLOWING ARTICLES ON ASSESSMENT:
Assessment Techniques in Asynchronous Learning Networks - An article
from The Technology Source by Tom Henderson. This case study provides an account
of using a classroom assessment technique (CAT) for a distance learning course,
as well as a helpful outline of CATs for online instructors. While Henderson
notes some crucial differences between classroom assessment in traditional and
distance learning environments, he also notes that they share common criteria
for success: careful planning, targeted questions, and a timely response by
Framework for Pedagogical Evaluation of Virtual Learning Environments -
by Sandy Britain and Oleg Liber. This is an extensive paper (46 pages) that
looks at virtual learning environments (VLEs) and evaluation. It steps you through
qualitative evalaution, developing a framework, criteria selection, and model
Evaluating Online Courses: Unique
Opportunities and Valuable Lessons Learned - Read this paper presented at
15th Annual Conference on Distance Teaching and
Learning at the University of Wisconsin, Madison from Aug 4-6, 1999 to learn
how the on-line nature of NTEN classes has affected the way independent
evaluators at Horizon Research, Inc. analyze course effectiveness. Also, discover
what NTEN directors do with the data from Horizon Research.
introduction to the Evaluation of Learning Technology - by Martin Oliver.
This article provides a context for analyzing the complexities of learning technology
evaluation by framing the context of the complex evaluatuion debates in learning
technology, resulting in the identification of a range of specific issues. These
paradigm debate, the move from expert-based to practitioner-based evaluation,
attempts to provide tools to support practitioner-led evaluation, authenticity,
the problem of defining and measuring costs, the role of checklists, the influence
of the quality agenda on evaluation and the way in which the process of evaluation
is itself affected by the use of learning technology.
Quality? Redefining Choices in the Third Revolution - By Stephen C.
Ehrmann, who directs the Flashlight
Program at the nonprofit TLT Group. This article appears in the September/October
issue of Educom Review.
A different version, "Technology
in Higher Learning: A Third Revolution" can be found at the TLT
Group web site.
to Good Practice - Performing Arts Data Service Guide to Good Practice
Creating Digital Performance Resources.
"Cool" Analog Models for Reviewing Digital Resources - by James
Rettig, Swem Library, College of William and Mary, Williamsburg,
the Hype - A one-day colloquium organised by the Humanities
Computing Unit, University of Oxford, held at the Oxford Union
Debating Chamber on April 23, 1998. [RealAudio clips of the presentations]
Course Web Sites:
Are they worth the effort? - National Education Association.
Higher Education Advocate article exploring the pros and cons of creating
and delivering courses on the Web.
Knowledge Construction and Communication on the Internet. by
McVay-Lynch in the online journal Technology
Source. This article discusses the key constructs of communication
and interaction on the web, provides a good matrix for translating classroom-based
activities to the web, and gives pointers for enriching the web-based learning
Globalisation of Open and Flexible Learning: Considerations for Planners and
Managers by Greville Rumble in the online journal The
Online Journal of Distance Administration. Dr. Rumble is associated
with the Open University in the UK. This article looks at some of the
problems that global educational institutions have faced, and continue to
face, in terms of delivery of materials, student access to technology, structures,
and maintenance of consistency and quality of service. The article ends with
advice to planners and managers on the issues that they need to pay particular
Guidelines for Educational
Uses of Networks - Maintained on the Learning
Resource Server by the College
of Education at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. This
is a collection of a rich variety of guidelines and resource articles
on how to use networks in powerful ways for education.
- History in
the Raw - A rationale for teaching with primary source documents.
Maintained by The National Archives and Records
Administration as part of The
Digital Classroom project.
Access, Usage, and Policies in Colleges and Universities - This
paper by Robert A. Fleck, Jr. and Tena McQueen analyzes the responses to
a recent survey of campus computer center directors. Published in First
Monday: Peer Reviewed Journal on the Internet.
Critical Evaluation Surveys - An aid for teachers using World Wide
Web sites, especially with K-12 classes, part of Kathy
Schrock's Guide for Educators
educational frontier: Spoken word, written word, cyberword - the newest
challenge of higher education
A comparative analysis of two major information revolutions: the Gutenberg
revolution and the revolution brought about by today's fundamental changes
of information and communication technologies. Presented by Francis A.
Waldvogel, President, Board of Swiss Federal Institutes of Technology,
Zürich/Lausanne, Switzerland, as a key-note lecture at the 19th ICDE
World Conference in Vienna, Austria, June 20-24, 1999. Published in Eurodl:
European Journal of Open and Distance Learning.
Mental Models: Strategies for assessing mental models to support meaningful
learning and design- supportive learning environments. By David
Jonassen. A good article for understanding the design principles behind
the creation of complex systems and building analogies that assist students
in understanding the concepts.
Quality On the Line: Benchmarks for Success
in Internet-Based Distance Education. The Institute for Higher Education
Policy (2000). Available from The Institute for Higher Education. This
report commissioned by IHEP identifies first-hand, practical strategies being
used by U.S. colleges considered to be leaders in online distance education.
The benchmarks in the study are divided into seven categories: instructional
support, course development, teaching and learning, course structure, student
support, faculty support, and evaluation and assessment. The link here
is to the PDF file of the full report.
- "The Symbiosis
Between Content and Technology in the Perseus Digital Library"
An article by Gregory Crane, Brian Fuchs, Amy C. Smith, and Clifford E.
Wulfman appearing in Cultivate
- Strengthening Graduate
Training Capacity in Development Policy Analysis and Management in Sub-Saharan
Africa Funded by Department of International Development and issued in May, 1999,
by the Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, this
report addresses issues and challenges related to the use of electronic teaching
technology to enhance educational opportunities in developing countries.
- Students' Distress
with a Web-based Distance Education Course.
- By Hara and Kling. This articles presents case data regarding
graduate students' periodic distressing experiences (such as frustration,
anxiety and confusion) due to communication breakdowns and technical difficulties
in their online course. It offers recommendations for future curriculum develoment.
- Tangled Webs in Public Administration:
Organizational issues in distance learning.
- By Rahm and Reed in Public Administration and Management: An Interactive
with Electronic Technology
- The author of this web site reviews the subject of teaching and technology
for Knowledge Quest,
the Journal of the American Association of School Librarians.
Tools for Today's Campuses
- A CD edited by James L. Morrison presents a wide variety of perspectives
on using instructional technologies. Sponsored by Microsoft Corporation's
Higher Education Group and Horizonat
the University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill.
- TENET: The Texas Education Network
- An exemplary resource for K-12 teachers, students, and parents, part of
the Charles A.
Dana Center at the University of Texas, TENET is a state initiative
begun with funding from the Texas Education
- Using the
World Wide Web to Build Learning Communities in K-12
- By Douglas N. Gordin, Louis M. Gomez, Roy D. Pea, and Barry J. Fishman,
School of Education and Social Policy, Northwestern University
- World Wide Web Usability
- A special issue of the International
Journal of Human-Computer Studies. Several articles have relevance
for teachers using the World Wide Web, but especially "Experience
with developing multimedia courseware for the World Wide Web: the need for
better tools and clear pedagogy," by David Benyon, Debbie Stone, and Mark